Machine learning can be defined as a comprehensive range of tools utilized for recognizing patterns in data. Owing to its reliance on artificial intelligence in lieu of age-old, traditional methods, machine learning has established itself as an exceedingly quicker way of discerning patterns and trends from bulk data. The advanced system can even update itself on the availability of new data. This paper intends to elucidate different techniques involved in machine learning that have facilitated the prediction, detection, and restriction of infectious diseases in the past few decades. Moreover, in light of the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, such tools and techniques have been utilized extensively by smart cities to curb the proliferation of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, the strengths and weaknesses of this approach remain abstruse and therefore, this review also aims to evaluate the role of machine learning in the recent coronavirus outbreak.
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Coronavirus, Artificial intelligence, Machine learning, Deep learning, Smart cities.
© 2021 Dennie James All Rights Reserved